home

DIGITAL CRETE : ARCHEOLOGICAL ATLAS OF CRETE

ARCHEOLOGICAL ATLAS OF CRETE - ARCHEOLOGICAL SITES
View Site in Digital Map
Site Information

GENERAL SITE NAME:

Zominthos

SITE NAME:

Zominthos - Alones

CLOSEST VILLAGE:

Anogeia

PREFECTURE:

RETHYMNIS

MUNICIPALITY :

ANOGEION

PROVINCE :

Mylopotamos
Conservation Status

DECLARED SITE :

ZONE A :

-

ZONE B :

-

CONSERVATION :

well preserved

FENCED SITE :

Ministry of Culture - Declarations
CodeDeclaration Decisions
1. 53/Β/31.1.1985 (1) ΥΠΠΟ/ΑΡΧ/Α1/Φ23/63173/2414
Time-line of Usage
Time PeriodPlacenameSecondary names Dating VerificationCategoryCategory Verification
1. LM IA Sure
Settlement/Village/Site
Excavation Method
Excavation TypeExcavator/sExcavation Period
1. systematic Sakellarakis G. 1983-1988

General Archeological Information
The Minoan site of Zominthos is located halfway between Anogeia and the Idaian Cave on Mount Psiloreitis at an altitude of 1,187 m above sea level. Two roads, coming from the east and northeast towards the sanctuary of Zeus met at this point. Yiannis Sakellarakis identified the site during a survey of the wider area of the Idaian Cave in 1982 and began systematic excavations in 1983. These have revealed a settlement of approximately 4,000 square m surrounding a ‘Central Building’. Two occupation phases were distinguished: LMIA and LMIII. The Central Building, which dates to the LMIA period, is the largest Minoan ‘mansion’ yet discovered. Built of roughly hewn limestone, it is a monumental structure, 54 m long and 37 m wide, with walls up to one m thick and preserved up to 2.5 m high. The masonry of the façade is one of the best preserved in Crete. The ground floor consisted of approximately 40 rooms and other spaces. A pottery workshop located in the Central Building’s northwest corner and consisting of 10-12 rooms was incorporated into the original structure. The workshop was particularly well preserved and contained two basins for washing clay, a potter’s wheel and various other tools, and approximately 250 vases, which appear to have been stacked in rows on wooden shelves. The site’s location on the route to the Idaian Cave and the building’s makeup suggest that the Minoan settlement at Zominthos was an stop for pilgrims on their way to the sanctuary of Zeus.

Photos
PLAN_VIEW PHOTOS
NATURAL SETTINGS PHOTOS

Bibliography References
1.ΑΝΔΡΕΑΔΑΚΗ - ΒΛΑΖΑΚΗ Μ., "Η περιοχή του Μυλοποτάμου κατά την αρχαιότητα", Ελεύθερνα: Πόλη, Ακρόπολη, Νεκρόπολη, Αθήνα, Μουσείο Κυκλαδικής Τέχνης, 2004, 34-35
2.DRIESSEN J., MACDONALD C.F., The troubled island. Minoan Crete before and after the Santorini Eruption, Liège, Austin, Université de Liège, 1997
3.EVELY R.D.G., Minoan Technology: Tools and Techniques, 2, Jonsered, Astrom Editions, 2001
4.VAN EFFENTERRE H. & M., "Towards a study of Neoplatial "villas": modern words for Minoan things", HAGG R., The Function of the "Minoan Villa", Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium at the Swedish Institute at Athens, 6-8 June 1992, Stockholm, Svenska institutet i Athen; Goteborg, Sweden: Distributor, Paul Astroms Forlag, 1997, 9 - 13
5.BETANCOURT P. P., MARINATOS N., "The Minoan villa: Part I. The definition of the Minoan villa, Part II. Some special cases of urban and manorial villas ", HAGG R., The Function of the "Minoan Villa", Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium at the Swedish Institute at Athens, 6-8 June 1992, Stockholm, Svenska institutet i Athen; Goteborg, Sweden: Distributor, Paul Astroms Forlag, 1997, 91 - 98
6.HOOD S., "The magico-religious background of the Minoan villa", HAGG R., The Function of the "Minoan Villa", Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium at the Swedish Institute at Athens, 6-8 June 1992, Stockholm, Svenska institutet i Athen; Goteborg, Sweden: Distributor, Paul Astroms Forlag, 1997, 105 - 116
7.WIENER M., "The Nature and Control of Minoan Foreign Trade", GALE N. H., Bronze Age Trade in the Mediterranean, Jonsered, Astrom Editions, 1991, 325 - 350
8.ΜΥΛΩΝΑΣ Γ. (επιμ.), "Ιδαίον Άντρον", ΕΡΓΟΝ, (1983), 92-96
9.ΜΥΛΩΝΑΣ Γ. (επιμ.), "Ζώμινθος", ΕΡΓΟΝ, (1986), 139-141
10.ΠΕΤΡΑΚΟΣ Β. (επιμ.), "Ζώμινθος", ΕΡΓΟΝ, (1988), 165-172
11.ΣΑΚΕΛΛΑΡΑΚΗΣ Γ., "Ανασκαφή Ιδαίου Άντρου", ΠΑΕ, Β (1983), 415-500
12.CATLING H.W., "Archaeology in Greece, 1984-5", AR, (1984-85), 61
13.CATLING H.W., "Archaeology in Greece, 1986-7", AR, (1986-87), 57
14.CATLING H.W., "Archaeology in Greece, 1988-9", AR, (1988-89), 101-102
15.TOUCHAIS G., "Chronique des fouilles et découvertes archéologiques en Grèce en 1986", BCH, 111 (1987), 577
16.TOUCHAIS G., "Chronique des fouilles et découvertes archéologiques en Grèce en 1988", BCH, 113 (1989), 690-692
17.PARIENTE A., "Chronique des fouilles et découvertes archéologiques en Grèce en 1989", BCH, 114 (1990), 828
18.ΣΑΚΕΛΛΑΡΑΚΗΣ Γ., "Η νέα έρευνα στο Ιδαίο Άντρο", Αρχαιολογία, 15 (1985), 14-22
19.ΣΤΡΑΤΙΔΑΚΗΣ, Χ. Κ., "Αρχαιολογικές θέσεις στο νομό Ρεθύμνης (Β ' Μέρος)", Κρητολογικά Γράμματα, 11 (1995), 305


κοινωνια τησ πληροφοριας Greek flag Europe flag