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DIGITAL CRETE : ARCHEOLOGICAL ATLAS OF CRETE

ARCHEOLOGICAL ATLAS OF CRETE - ARCHEOLOGICAL SITES
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Site Information

GENERAL SITE NAME:

Makrygialos

SITE NAME:

Makrygialos - Plakakia - Kalamokiana

CLOSEST VILLAGE:

Makrygialos

PREFECTURE:

LASITHIOU

MUNICIPALITY :

MAKRYGIALOU

PROVINCE :

Siteia
Conservation Status

DECLARED SITE :

ZONE A :

-

ZONE B :

-

CONSERVATION :

-

FENCED SITE :

-
Ministry of Culture - Declarations
CodeDeclaration Decisions
1. 699/Β/26.5.1976 (4) ΥΠΠΟ/ΑΡΧ/Α/Φ31/24456/1834 π.έ.
Time-line of Usage
Time PeriodPlacenameSecondary names Dating VerificationCategoryCategory Verification
1. LM IA Sure
Villa
Sure
2. LM IB Sure
Villa
Sure
3. Historical Times KSOKSKSKSO; Sure
Farmstead
Sure
Excavation Method
Excavation TypeExcavator/sExcavation Period
1. systematic DAVARAS K. 1972-1972
2. systematic DAVARAS K. 1977-1977
Survey Method
Survey TypeResearcher/sResearch Period
1. systematic PENDLEBURY H. W. 1934 - 1934

General Archeological Information
To the west of Makrygialos, Agios Stefanos, Siteia K.Davaras located an important LM I farmhouse or villa, in the site Plakakia or Kalamokiana, NW of the village.
Its plan is strangely similar to that of the Minoan palaces. There are some major points: a central court, rectangular shape, oriented north - south, two porticoes on the north side and in the northern part of the east side, a large altar at the northern end of the great axis and a open West Court. The building has also strong exterior walls, yards, paved floors and lots of rooms that bring to mind the ways of labyrinth in order to reach the centre of the building. The roof was probably covered with straws and was coated with clay. In there they might have worshipped the sacred tree. The building was probably ruined by fire.
The most important findings were vases, figurines and an almond-shaped steatite seal stone, depicting a sacred ship. In the ship a sacred enclosure or altar is shown, with a high palm-like tree, resembling a mast. At the prow stands a worshiper or priestess, looking towards the altar. She raises her fist to the eyebrow, according to the typical minoan cultural gesture. The pictorial motive is an important testimony of the the existence of sacred ships or boats in the minoan culture.

Photos
PLAN_VIEW PHOTOS
NATURAL SETTINGS PHOTOS

Bibliography References
1.SANDERS I., Roman Crete: An Archaeological Survey and Gazetteer of Late Hellenistic, Roman and Early Byzantine Crete, Warminster, 1982
2.MYERS J. W., MYERS E.E., CADOGAN G., The Aerial Atlas of Ancient Crete, Berkeley, University of California Press, 1992., 1992
3.PAPADAKIS N., A Cultural Guide to Ayios Stephanos and Makry Yialos, , Community Council of Ayios Stephanos, 1986
4.PAPADAKIS N., Sitia. Fatherland of Myson and Kornaros. A Historical, Archaeological and Cultural Guide, , 1983
5.DAVARAS C., "Makryyialos", MYERS J.W., MYERS E.E., GADOGAN G., The Aerial Atlas of Ancient Crete, Berkeley, University of California Press, 1992, 172 - 174
6.DRIESSEN J., MACDONALD C.F., The troubled island. Minoan Crete before and after the Santorini Eruption, Liège, Austin, Université de Liège, 1997
7.VAN EFFENTERRE H. & M., "Towards a study of Neoplatial "villas": modern words for Minoan things", HAGG R., The Function of the "Minoan Villa", Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium at the Swedish Institute at Athens, 6-8 June 1992, Stockholm, Svenska institutet i Athen; Goteborg, Sweden: Distributor, Paul Astroms Forlag, 1997, 9 - 13
8.BETANCOURT P. P., MARINATOS N., "The Minoan villa: Part I. The definition of the Minoan villa, Part II. Some special cases of urban and manorial villas ", HAGG R., The Function of the "Minoan Villa", Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium at the Swedish Institute at Athens, 6-8 June 1992, Stockholm, Svenska institutet i Athen; Goteborg, Sweden: Distributor, Paul Astroms Forlag, 1997, 91 - 98
9.CADOGAN G., "The role of the Pyrgos country house in Minoan society", HAGG R., The Function of the "Minoan Villa", Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium at the Swedish Institute at Athens, 6-8 June 1992, Stockholm, Svenska institutet i Athen; Goteborg, Sweden: Distributor, Paul Astroms Forlag, 1997, 99 - 103
10.DAVARAS C., "The "cult villa" at Makrygialos", HAGG R., The Function of the "Minoan Villa", Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium at the Swedish Institute at Athens, 6-8 June 1992, Stockholm, Svenska institutet i Athen; Goteborg, Sweden: Distributor, Paul Astroms Forlag, 1997, 117 - 135
11.PLATON L., "The Minoan "villa" in eastern Crete. Riza, Akhladia, and Prophetes Elias, Praissos: two different specimens of one category?", HAGG R., The Function of the "Minoan Villa", Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium at the Swedish Institute at Athens, 6-8 June 1992, Stockholm, Svenska institutet i Athen; Goteborg, Sweden: Distributor, Paul Astroms Forlag, 1997, 187 - 202
12.TSIPOPOULOU M., PAPACOSTOPOULOU A., ""Villas" and villages in the hinterland of Petras, Siteia", HAGG R., The Function of the "Minoan Villa", Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium at the Swedish Institute at Athens, 6-8 June 1992, Stockholm, Svenska institutet i Athen; Goteborg, Sweden: Distributor, Paul Astroms Forlag, 1997, 203 - 214
13.DAY P. M., "Ceramic exchange between towns and outlying settlements in Neopalatial East Crete.", HAGG R., The Function of the "Minoan Villa", Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium at the Swedish Institute at Athens, 6-8 June 1992, Stockholm, Svenska institutet i Athen; Goteborg, Sweden: Distributor, Paul Astroms Forlag, 1997, 219 - 228
14.DRIESSEN J. M., MacGILLIVRAY J.A., "The Neopalatial Period in East Crete", ROBERT LAFFINEUR, TRANSITION, LE MONDE EGEEN DU BRONZE MOYEN AU BRONZE RECENT, Actes de la deuxieme Rencontre egeene internationale de L’ Universite de Liege (18-20 avril 1988), Liege, Universite de Liege, 1989, 99-111
15.CATLING H. W., "Archaeology in Greece 1985-1986, East Crete", AR, 32 (1985-1986), 92-95
16.TOUCHAIS G., "Chronique des fouilles et decouvertes archaeologiques en Grece en 1977", BCH, 102 (1978), 750-754
17.FAURE P., "Le mines du roi Minos", Πεπραγμένα του Ε' Διεθνούς Κρητολογικού Συνεδρίου, (1980), 150-168
18.SOURVINOU-INWOOD, CHR.,, "Boat, tree and shrine: the Mochlos ring and the Makrygialos seal", Kadmos, 28 (1989), 97-100
19.ΔΑΒΑΡΑΣ Κ., "Αρχαιότητες και μνημεία της Ανατολικής Κρήτης", ΑΔ Β2 Χρονικά, 28 (1973), 590-591
20.ΔΑΒΑΡΑΣ Κ., "Αρχιτεκτονικά στοιχεία της ΥΜΙΒ έπαυλης του Μακρυγιαλού", Πεπραγμένα του Ε' Διεθνούς Κρητολογικού Συνεδρίου, (1985), 77-92
21.ΔΑΒΑΡΑΣ Κ., "Αρχαιότητες και Μνημεία Ανατολικής Κρήτης 1972", Αμάλθεια, 5/18-19 (1974), 51-52
22.ΔΑΒΑΡΑΣ Κ., "Αρχαιότητες και Μνημεία Ανατολικής Κρήτης", ΑΔ Β2 Χρονικά, 32 (1977), 338-339


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