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DIGITAL CRETE : ARCHEOLOGICAL ATLAS OF CRETE

ARCHEOLOGICAL ATLAS OF CRETE - ARCHEOLOGICAL SITES
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Site Information

GENERAL SITE NAME:

SITE NAME:

Karfi

CLOSEST VILLAGE:

Kera

PREFECTURE:

LASITHIOU

MUNICIPALITY :

OROPEDIOU LASITHIOU

PROVINCE :

Lasithi
Conservation Status

DECLARED SITE :

ZONE A :

-

ZONE B :

-

CONSERVATION :

well preserved

FENCED SITE :

-
Ministry of Culture - Declarations
CodeDeclaration Decisions
1. 666/Β/23.9.1970 (1) Αριθ. 9597
Time-line of Usage
Time PeriodPlacenameSecondary names Dating VerificationCategoryCategory Verification
1. LM IIIC Sure
Settlement/Village/Site
Sanctuary
Sure
Sure
2. Subminoan Sure
Settlement/Village/Site
Sanctuary
Sure
Sure
3. Dark Ages/Protogeometric Sure
Settlement/Village/Site
Sanctuary
Sure
Sure
4. Geometric Sure
Settlement/Village/Site
Sanctuary
Sure
Sure
Excavation Method
Excavation TypeExcavator/sExcavation Period
1. systematic PENDLEBURY J. D. S., MONEY-COUTTS M.B. 1937-1939

General Archeological Information
On the hillock of Karfi and opposite in Mikri Koprana, north of Tzermiado, an important settlement was founded around 1100BC, which lasted for about 2 centuries and had a population of about 3500 people. It is a characteristic example of people settling high up, representative of the uncertainty dominating after the destruction of the Mycenean civilisation. The settlement is divided in two parts. The west which keeps its prehistoric urban planning tradition, and the east which is bigger and forms the main settlement, about 100 years younger. At the older section, the houses are adjacent to one another and it's not easy to discern which house each room belongs to. From this area we can see the main sanctuary with 2 rooms where the altar comes from. The rooms don’t have straigth walls and are simple 'domus'. Between the two habitation clusters there is a yard with slabs and between the houses there are narrow corridors resempling the ones in Gournia. At the north end of the main quarter, there is the public sanctuary. It consists of an open air yard with a built bench on the south side used to put figurines during the rituals. The surrounding rooms belong to the sanctuary. The clay figurines and objects give evidence for the survival of the minoan religion and the continuation of the typology after the fall of the Minoan palaces. They are the well-known figurines with raised hands. Some are almost 1m high. Among other ritual objects there is a pair of chariot riders and 2 altars of unusal shape. One of them is rectangular and has horns of consecration and animal figurines at the four corners. The Big House was assumed to be the base of the town's Master. It includes a typical mansion, 'megaro' . The houses have regular straight line plan and have many rooms. The settlement's storerooms are south of the Big House and slightly west is another big house with 13 independent rooms, which are thought to have been used for military purposes.

Photos
PLAN_VIEW PHOTOS
NATURAL SETTINGS PHOTOS

Bibliography References
1.NOWICKI K., "The West Siteia Mountains at the turn of the Bronze and Iron Ages", Aegaeum, 6 (1990), 161-182
2.NOWICKI K., "The History and Setting of the Town at Karphi", SMEA, 26 (1987),
3.NOWICKI K., "Lasithi (Crete): One Hundred Years of Archaeological Research", AEA, 3 ((1996) 1998), 27-47
4.NOWICKI K., "Some Remarks on the Distribution of Peak Sanctuaries in Middle Minoan Crete", Archaeologia, 42 (1991), 143-145
5.PENDLEBURY H. W. & J. D. S., MONEY-COUTTS M.B., "Excavations in the plain of Lasithi I.", BSA, 36 (1935-1936), 5-13
6.NOWICKI K., "A Dark Age refuge centre near Pefki, East Crete", BSA, 89 (1994), 235-268
7.SOETENS ST., Minoan Peak Sanctuaries: building a cultural landscape using GIS, Louvain - la Neuve, 2006
8.CADOGAN G., "Karphi", MYERS J.W., MYERS E.E., GADOGAN G., The Aerial Atlas of Ancient Crete, Berkeley, University of California Press, 1992, 116 - 119
9.GESELL G., Town, Palace and House Cult in Minoan Crete, Goteborg, Astrom Editions, 1985
10.ΞΙΦΑΡΑΣ Ν., Η κατάληψη του χώρου στην Πρωτογεωμετρική και Γεωμετρική Κρήτη, Ρέθυμνο, 1998
11.GESELL G., "Popular Religion in Late Minoan III Crete", Πεπραγμένα Η' Διεθνούς Κρητολογικού Συνεδρίου, A1, Ηράκλειο, -, 2000, 497-507
12.EVELY R.D.G., Minoan Technology: Tools and Techniques, 1, Jonsered, Astrom Editions, 2001
13.EVELY R.D.G., Minoan Technology: Tools and Techniques, 2, Jonsered, Astrom Editions, 2001
14.WATROUS L. V., "The Cave Sanctuary of Zeus at Psychro: A Study of Extra-Urban Sanctuaries in Minoan and Early Iron Age Crete", AEGAEUM, 15 (1996),
15.ΚΟΥΡΟΥ, Ν.,, "Οι οικισμοί των Σκοτεινών Χρόνων", Αρχαιολογία, 63 (1997), 9-15
16.ΠΛΑΤΩΝ Ν., "Το ιερόν Μαζά και τα μινωικά ιερά κορυφής", Κρητικά Χρονικά, 5 (1951), 142-144
17.RUTKOWSKI B., "Minoan Peak Sanctuaries: The Topography and Architecture ", , Liege, Universite de Liege, 1988, 71-99
18.ΒΑΣΙΛΑΚΗΣ Α. Σ., "Οικιστική και αρχιτεκτονική της Κρήτης στα Ιστορικά Χρόνια", Κρητικά Χρονικά, 28,29 (1988-1989), 117-118
19.ΣΠΑΝΑΚΗΣ Σ., "Το Λασίθι άλλοτε και σήμερο", Αμάλθεια, 26 (1976), 3-32
20.WATROUS L. V., "Ancient settlement in the plain of Lasithi", Πεπραγμένα του Ε' Διεθνούς Κρητολογικού Συνεδρίου, (1981), 638-642
21.NOWICKI K., "To Flechtron and other dark age sites near Kera Karfi", Πεπραγμένα του Ζ' Διεθνούς Κρητολογικού Συνεδρίου, (1995), 693-702
22.ΓΙΑΝΝΟΥΛΙΔΟΥ Κ., "Μία πιθανή ερμηνεία των Μινωικών 'Ιερών Κορυφής'", Κρητολογία, 9 (1979), 37-41
23.SEIRADAKI M., "Pottery from Karphi", BSA, 55 (1960), 1-37
24.LUCE, ST., "Arcaheological News and Discussions. Greece. Aegean Civilization. Excavations on Mount Dikte in Crete", AJA, (1939), 481-2
25.LUCE, ST., "Archaeological News and Discussions. Greece. Aegean Civilization. Excavations in the Plain of Lasithi II and III.", AJA, (1943), 109-110
26.WATROUS, L.V., "Explorations on the Plain of Lasithi in Crete", ΑΑΑ, 2 (1974), 206-210


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